Raymond Chow, film producer who brought the world Bruce Lee, dies at 91

Raymond Chow Man-wai, the Hong Kong movie producer who introduced the world to martial arts legend Bruce Lee, died on Friday aged 91.

Chow produced more than 600 films over his lifetime in a range of genres, from action and comedy to art house movies, and nurtured a number of international superstars and directors.

He was widely regarded as the “godfather of the Hong Kong film industry”.

Robert Chua Wah-peng, a friend of Chow’s for more than 40 years, told the South China Morning Post that his last meeting with the legendary producer was at a party less than a year ago, when Chow “looked OK but a little bit frail”.

“I am very sad,” Chua said. “He is the man who brought Bruce Lee to the world.”

Chow retired in 2007 after selling his share in the production company he founded, Golden Harvest, which later became Orange Sky Golden Harvest.

He set up the firm after leaving his job as chief executive of Shaw Brothers Pictures – then one of the largest movie companies in Asia – in 1970.

Born in Hong Kong in 1927, Chow brought martial arts superstar Lee to the silver screen with action movie The Big Boss in 1971. The film earned Golden Harvest a major slice of local and overseas box office takings after just two years in business.

Situation comedies directed by Hong Kong’s Hui brothers – Michael Hui Kwun-man, Samuel Hui Kwun-kit and Ricky Hui Kwun-ying – again lifted the company’s fortunes after a low following Lee’s death in 1973.

In the 1980s Golden Harvest enjoyed its last wave of major success with another internationally renowned kung fu star, Jackie Chan. It led to a 1994 listing on the Hong Kong stock exchange.

Following Hong Kong’s transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China in 1997, Golden Harvest started to go downhill under the weight of the Asian financial crisis and the death of Chow’s right-hand man, Leonard Ho Koon-cheong.

Chow eventually sold his share of the business to mainland Chinese businessman Wu Kebo.

Director, scriptwriter and actor Joe Cheung Tung-cho, who formerly produced movies for a subsidiary of Golden Harvest, said Chow’s death was a huge loss for the local film industry and the city in general.

“He was a major mover in the industry. He brought Hong Kong movies to the international stage,” Cheung said.

Chow was a daring businessman with a sharp eye for an opportunity, he added.

“He could have stayed a top executive at Shaw Brothers, which had a monopoly over the market at that time. But he left to start his own business, and when Shaw Brothers passed on Bruce Lee, Chow made him a superstar.”

Checkley Sin Kwok-lam, who has produced a number of major kung fu films including the Ip Man series, said Chow was his idol in the genre.

“He discovered Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan, who until then were unheard of,” Sin said. “Chow is an indelible hero in the history of action movies.”

Sin explained how Chow had helped him understand how creativity should be incorporated into the genre. The Ip Man franchise, based on a real-life wing chun martial arts master, was heavily influenced by Chow’s films, he said.

Cheuk Pak-tong, founder of Hong Kong Baptist University’s Academy of Film, said Hong Kong established its international image with the export of Lee’s martial arts movies, which wouldn’t have been possible without Chow.

“The city often brags about its financial industry, but it is its movies, represented by stars like Bruce Lee, which are actually more widely known,” Cheuk said. – South China Morning Post

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